CURRENT SITUATION AND SOLUTIONS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN VIETNAM

Duong Minh Hai

Abstract


The ocean covers about 71% of the Earth's surface and is considered a system to sustain Earth's life. In particular,
the ocean functions to regulate heat balance and have positive effects on the weather - climate on Earth. The ocean
ensures food security and human energy security when these resources are running out on the continents. However,
recent decades have raised the issue of increasing the human impact on marine ecosystems as a result of polluting
the sea and the ocean. The spread of many pollutants has reached local, regional, and even global scale. Therefore,
pollution of the sea and the world has become an important international issue, and the necessity to protect the
marine environment from pollution is due to the requirements of rational use of natural resources. The problem of
exploiting natural resources and protecting the marine environment in many countries is facing many challenges.
The depleted resources and polluted marine environment have caused serious damage, hindering the socioeconomic
development of many countries. Environmental issues are increasingly alarming when Vietnam ranks 4th
in the list of the world's most polluting countries. This article assesses the current situation and causes of marine
environmental pollution in Vietnam and proposes solutions to improve the marine environment and towards a
sustainable marine economy development strategy.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Law, K.L. 2017. Plastics in the Marine Environment, Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci.

Ivar Do Sul, J.A., Costa, M.F. 2014. The present and future of microplastic pollution in the marine environment, Environmental Pollution.

Auta, H.S., Emenike, C.U., Fauziah, S.H. 2017. Distribution and importance of microplastics in the marine environment, A review of the sources, fate, effects, and potential solutions, Environment International.

Misra, S. 2015. Marine Environment, in Design Principles of Ships and Marine Structures.

Barboza, L.G.A., Gimenez, B.C.G. 2015. Microplastics in the marine environment: Current trends and future perspectives, Marine Pollution Bulletin.

Atkins, J.P., Burdon, D., Elliott, M., Gregory, A.J. 2011. Management of the marine environment: Integrating ecosystem services and societal benefits with the DPSIR framework in a systems approach, Mar. Pollut. Bull.

Li, W.C., Tse, H.F., Fok, L. 2016. Plastic waste in the marine environment: A review of sources, occurrence and effects, Science of the Total Environment.

Hoang, A.T., Le, V.V. 2017. Marine pollution and remedies of Vietnamese Government,” Int. J. Recent Eng. Res. Dev, 2(4), 51–55.

Hoang, A.T. 2018. A report of the oil spill recovery and treatment technologies to reduce the marine environment pollution, Int. J. e-Navigation Marit. Econ., 9, 35–49.

Hoang, P.H., Hoang, A.T., Chung, N.H., Dien, L.Q., Nguyen, X.P., Pham, X.D. 2017. The efficient lignocellulose-based sorbent for oil spill treatmentfrom polyurethane and agricultural residue of Vietnam, Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., 1–8.

2014. International Energy Agency (IEA), Global Energy Trends to 2040.

Al-Salem, S.M., Antelava, A., Constantinou, A., Manos, G., Dutta, A. 2017. A review on thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of plastic solid waste (PSW), Journal of Environmental Management.

Ng, E.L. 2018. An overview of microplastic and nanoplastic pollution in agroecosystems, Science of the Total Environment.

Avio, C.G., Gorbi, S., Regoli, F. 2017. Plastics and microplastics in the oceans: From emerging pollutants to emerged threat, Mar. Environ. Res.

Ragaert, K., Delva, L., Van Geem, K. 2017. Mechanical and chemical recycling of solid plastic waste, Waste Management.

Carolin, C.F., Kumar, P.S., Saravanan, A., Joshiba, G.J., Naushad, M. 2017. Efficient techniques for the removal of toxic heavy metals from aquatic environment: A review, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering.

Villegas, L.G.C., Mashhadi, N., Chen, M., Mukherjee, D., Taylor, K.E., Biswas, N. 2016. A Short Review of Techniques for Phenol Removal from Wastewater, Current Pollution Reports. 2016.

Turcios, A.E., Papenbrock, J. 2014. Sustainable treatment of aquaculture effluents-What can we learn from the past for the future, Sustainability (Switzerland).

Lam, M.K., Lee, K.T. 2011. Renewable and sustainable bioenergies production from palm oil mill effluent (POME): Win-win strategies toward better environmental protection, Biotechnology Advances.

de Blasio, C. 2019. Biodiesel, in Green Energy and Technology.

Wang, Z. 2018. Energy and Air Pollution, in Comprehensive Energy Systems.

Hoang, A.T. 2018. An absorption capacity investigation of new absorbent based on polyurethane foams and rice straw for oil spill cleanup, Pet. Sci. Technol., 36(5), 361–370.

Hoang, A.T., Pham, X.D. 2018. An investigation of remediation and recovery of oil spill and toxic heavy metal from maritime pollution by a new absorbent material, J. Mar. Eng. Technol.

2005. International Maritime Organization, Prevention of Air pollution from Ships.

Pham, V.V. 2019. Research on the application of Diesel-Rk in the calculation and evaluation of technical and economic criteria of marine diesel engines using the unified ULSD and Biodiesel blended fuel, J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., 42(2), 87–97.

Hoang, T.A., Chu, N.X., Van Tran, T. 2017. The Environmental Pollution in Vietnam: Source, Impact and Remedies, Transportation (Amst)., 495(112.856), 38–122.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2020 Plemillan Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.