Duong Minh Hai


The ocean covers about 71% of the Earth's surface and is considered a system to sustain Earth's life. In particular,
the ocean functions to regulate heat balance and have positive effects on the weather - climate on Earth. The ocean
ensures food security and human energy security when these resources are running out on the continents. However,
recent decades have raised the issue of increasing the human impact on marine ecosystems as a result of polluting
the sea and the ocean. The spread of many pollutants has reached local, regional, and even global scale. Therefore,
pollution of the sea and the world has become an important international issue, and the necessity to protect the
marine environment from pollution is due to the requirements of rational use of natural resources. The problem of
exploiting natural resources and protecting the marine environment in many countries is facing many challenges.
The depleted resources and polluted marine environment have caused serious damage, hindering the socioeconomic
development of many countries. Environmental issues are increasingly alarming when Vietnam ranks 4th
in the list of the world's most polluting countries. This article assesses the current situation and causes of marine
environmental pollution in Vietnam and proposes solutions to improve the marine environment and towards a
sustainable marine economy development strategy.

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