MELT BLOWING PROCESS CONDITIONS FOR NANOFIBERS OF POLYMERS FOR OIL-WATER SEPARATION IN MARINE OIL SPILLS CLEAN-UP APPLICATIONS: A SHORT REVIEW

Zykamilia Kamin, Rosalam Sarbatly, Duduku Krishnaiah, Akihiko Tanioka, Mitsuhiro Takahashi

Abstract


The development of oil and gas industries has resulted in environmental issues, such as oil pollution. Oil pollution
in a marine environment, poses significant threats to not only coastal marine life, but also to the social economic
activities of community living in the nearby areas. The spreading of the oil could be controlled efficiently using
sorbents such as nanofiber, due to its high specific surface area, high porosity, small diameter, and small pore sizes
properties. Common approach to produce nanofiber is by using electrospinning technique however, this technique
has low productivity and requires a post treatment for solvent removal. However, a melt blowing technique is an
alternative to electrospinning as it is highly productive and does not require any solvent. The mass production of
nanofiber fulfils the demand of the material during an oil spill clean-up operation. Therefore, this review discusses
the influence of melt blowing process conditions such as die, polymer, air and collector, on the properties of
nanofiber targeted for oil-water separation for the application of oil spill clean-up.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Takahashi, M. 2017. Nanofiber production apparatus, United States Patent and Trademark Office, US 20170016146 A1.

Tanioka, A. and Takahashi, M. 2016. Highly Productive Systems of Nanofibers for Novel Applications. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 55 (13), 3759–3764.

Sarbatly, R., Asgan, N., and Kamin, Z. 2013. Removal of oil and bod from palm oil mill effluent (POME) using nanofiber, Project Thesis., Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

Sarbatly, R., Binjinol, C., and Kamin, Z. 2013. Adsorption of water-oil mixture using nanofiber follow monolayer theory, , Project Thesis., Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

Sarbatly, R., Krishnaiah, D., and Kamin, Z. 2016. A review of polymer nanofibres by electrospinning and their application in oil-water separation for cleaning up marine oil spills. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 106 (1–2), 8–16.

Rosalam, S., Chiam, C.K., Widyaparamitha, S., Chang, Y.W., and Lee, C.A. 2016. Water desalination by air-gap membrane distillation using meltblown polypropylene nanofiber membrane. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 36 012032.

Sarbatly, R. and Chiam, C.K. 2016. A water extraction and energy production system and a method of using thereof, WO2016032313A1, 2016.

Sarbatly, R. 2016. Waste storage landfill cell, WO2016028136, 2016.

Gahan, R. and Zguris, G.C. 2000. A review of the melt blown process. Proceedings of the Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. 2000–Janua (8), 145–149.

Lee, Y. and Wadsworth, L.C. 1990. Structure and Filtration Properties of Melt Blown Polypropylene Webs. Polymer Engineering and Science. 30 (22), 1413–1419.

Ko, F.K. and Wan, Y. 2014. Introduction to nanofiber materials. Cambridge University Press.

Bhat, G., Uppal, R., and Eash, C. 2009. Structure and properties of meltblown nanofiber webs. in: Fiber Society

Uppal, R., Bhat, G., Eash, C., and Akato, K. 2013. Meltblown nanofiber media for enhanced quality factor. Fibers and Polymers. 14 (4), 660–668.

Han, W., Bhat, G.S., and Wang, X. 2016. Investigation of Nanofiber Breakup in the Melt-Blowing Process. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 55 (11), 3150–3156.

Tan, D.H., Ellison, C.J., Bates, F.S., Macosko, C.W. 2008. Impact of rheology on meltblown polymer nanofibers. in: AIP Conf. Proc.,

Wang, Z., Liu, X., Macosko, C.W., and Bates, F.S. 2016. Nanofibers from water-extractable melt-blown immiscible polymer blends. Polymer (United Kingdom). 101 269–273.

Wei, Q.F., Mather, R.R., Fotheringham, A.F., and Yang, R.D. 2003. Evaluation of nonwoven polypropylene oil sorbents in marine oil-spill recovery. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 46 (6), 780–783.

Meng, X.H., Wu, H.H., and Zeng, Y.C. 2014. Blended Polypropylene Fiber of Various MFR via a Melt-Blowing Device for Oil Spill Cleanup. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 624 669–672.

Guo, M., Liang, H., Luo, Z., Chen, Q., and Wei, W. 2016. Study on melt-blown processing, web structure of polypropylene nonwovens and its BTX adsorption. Fibers and Polymers. 17 (2), 257–265.

International Organization for Standardization 2015. ISO/TS 80004-2:2015(en), Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary — Part 2: Nano-objects.

Tipper, M. and Guillemois, E. 2016. Developments in the use of nanofibres in nonwovens. in: Adv. Technical Nonwovens, pp. 115–132.

Koenig, K., Beukenberg, K., Langensiepen, F., and Seide, G. 2019. A new prototype melt-electrospinning device for the production of biobased thermoplastic sub-microfibers and nanofibers. Biomaterials Research. 1–12.

Wente, van A. 1956. Superfine Thermoplastic Fibers. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry. 48 (8), 342–346.

Shambaugh, R.L. 1988. A macroscopic view of ther melt-blowing process for producing microfibers. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 27 (12), 2363–2372.

Ellison, C.J., Phatak, A., Giles, D.W., Macosko, C.W., and Bates, F.S. 2007. Melt blown nanofibers: Fiber diameter distributions and onset of fiber breakup. Polymer. 48 (11), 3306–3316.

Shambaugh, B.R., Papavassiliou, D. V., and Shambaugh, R.L. 2011. Next-generation modeling of melt blowing. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 50 (21), 12233–12245.

Zhou, C., Tan, D.H., Janakiraman, A.P., and Kumar, S. 2011. Modeling the melt blowing of viscoelastic materials. Chemical Engineering Science. 66 (18), 4172–4183.

Tan, D.H., Herman, P.K., Janakiraman, A., Bates, F.S., Kumar, S., and Macosko, C.W. 2012. Influence of Laval nozzles on the air flow field in melt blowing apparatus. Chemical Engineering Science. 80 342–348.

Jordan, A.M., Viswanath, V., Kim, S., Pokorski, J.K., Korley, L.T.J., Jordan, A.M., et al. 2016. Processing and surface modification of polymer nanofibers for biological scaffolds : a review. Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 4:5958-5974.

Bresee, R.R. and Ko, W. 2003. Fiber Formation During Melt Blowing. Inj. 21–28.

Ward, G. 2001. Meltblown nanofibres for nonwoven filtration applications. Filtration and Separation. 38 (9), 42–43.

Zuo, F., Tan, D.H., Wang, Z., Jeung, S., MacOsko, C.W., and Bates, F.S. 2013. Nanofibers from melt blown fiber-in-fiber polymer blends. ACS Macro Letters. 2 (4), 301–305.

Tan, D.H., Zhou, C., Ellison, C.J., Kumar, S., Macosko, C.W., and Bates, F.S. 2010. Meltblown fibers: Influence of viscosity and elasticity on diameter distribution. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics. 165 (15–16), 892–900.

Nayak, R., Padhye, R., Arnold, L., Kyratzis, I.L., Truong, Y.B., Peeters, G., et al. 2012. Mechanism of Nanofibre Fabrication by Meltblowing. Applied Mechanics and Materials. 217–219 207–212.

Nayak, R., Kyratzis, I.L., Truong, Y.B., Padhye, R., Arnold, L., Peeters, G., et al. 2012. Fabrication and Characterisation of Nanofibres by Meltblowing and Melt Electrospinning. Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Pts 1-4. 472–475 1294–1299.

Nayak, R., Kyratzis, I.L., Truong, Y.B., Padhye, R., Arnold, L., Peeters, G., et al. 2013. Fabrication and characterisation of polypropylene nanofibres by meltblowing process using different fluids. Journal of Materials Science. 48 (1), 273–281.

Nayak, R., Kyratzis, I.L., Truong, Y.B., Padhye, R., and Arnold, L. 2014. Structural and mechanical properties of polypropylene nanofibres fabricated by meltblowing. The Journal of The Textile Institute. 106 (6), 629–640.

Bodaghi, H. and Sinangil, M. 2006. Meltblown nonwoven webs including nanofibers and apparatus and method for forming such meltblown nonwoven webs, US PATENT 2006/0084341A1.

Brang, J.E., Wilkie, A., and Haggard, J.S. 2008. Method and apparatus for production of meltblown nanofibers, US PATENT 2008/0023888A1.

Hassan, M.A., Yeom, B.Y., Wilkie, A., Pourdeyhimi, B., and Khan, S.A. 2013. Fabrication of nanofiber meltblown membranes and their filtration properties. Journal of Membrane Science. 427 336–344.

Choi, K.J., Spruiell, J.E., Fellers, J.F., and Wadsworth, L.C. 1988. Strength properties of melt blown nonwoven webs. Polymer Engineering & Science. 28 (2), 81–89.

Chen, T., Wang, X., and Huang, X. 2005. Effects of Processing Parameters on the Fiber Diameter of Melt Blown Nonwoven. Text. Res. J. 76.

Uyttendaele, M.A.J. and Shambaugh, R.L. 1990. Melt blowing: General equation development and experimental verification. AIChE Journal. 36 (2), 175–186.

Milligan, M.W. and Haynes, B.D. 1995. Empirical models for melt blowing. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 58 (1), 159–163.

Zhao, R. and Wadsworth, L.C. 2003. Attenuating PP/PET bicomponent meltblown microfibers. Polymer Engineering & Science. 4 (2), 463–469.

Dong Zhang, Sun, C., Beard, J., Brown, H., Carson, I., and Hwo, C. 2002. Development and characterization of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)-based bicomponent meltblown nonwovens. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 83 (6), 1280–1287.

Han, W. and Wang, X. 2016. Modeling melt blowing fiber with different polymer constitutive equations. 17 (1), 74–79.

Tan, D.H., Ellison, C.J., Bates, F.S., and Macosko, C.W. 2008. Impact of rheology on meltblown polymer nanofibers. AIP Conference Proceedings. 1027 (2008), 72–74.

Kayser, J.C. and Shambaugh, R.L. 1990. The manufacture of continuous polymeric filaments by the melt-blowing process. Polymer Engineering & Science. 30 (19), 1237–1251.

Dutton, K.C. 2009. Overview and analysis of the meltblown process and parameters. Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management. 6(1).

Milligan, M.W., Lu, F., Buntin, R.R., and Wadsworth, L.C. 1992. The use of crossflow to improve nonwoven melt-blown fibers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 44 (2), 279–288.

Wu, L.L., Huang, D.H., and Chen, T. 2014. Modeling the nanofiber fabrication with the melt blowing annular die. Revista Materia. 19 (4), 377–381.

Nayak, R. 2012. Fabrication and characterisation of polypropylene nanofibres by melt electrospinning and meltblowing - phd thesis. (March),.

Tyagi, M.K. and Shambaugh, R.L. 1995. Use of Oscillating Gas Jets in Fiber Processing. 656–660.

Wu, T.T. and Shambaugh, R.L. 1992. Characterization of the melt blowing process with laser Doppler velocimetry. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 31 (1), 379–389.

Rao, R.S. and Shambaugh, R.L. 1993. Vibration and Stability in the Melt Blowing Process. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 32 (12), 3100–3111.

Chhabra, R. and Shambaugh, R.L. 1996. Experimental Measurements of Fiber Threadline Vibrations in the Melt-Blowing Process. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 35 (11), 4366–4374.

Bansal, V. and Shambaugh, R.L. 1998. On-line Determination of Diameter and Temperature during Melt Blowing of Polypropylene. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 37 (5), 1799–1806.

Marla, V.T. and Shambaugh, R.L. 2003. Three-Dimensional Model of the Melt-Blowing Process. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 42 (26), 6993–7005.

Sinha-Ray, S., Yarin, A.L., and Pourdeyhimi, B. 2010. Meltblowing: I-basic physical mechanisms and threadline model. Journal of Applied Physics. 108 (3), 034912.

Yarin, A.L., Sinha-Ray, S., and Pourdeyhimi, B. 2010. Meltblowing: II-linear and nonlinear waves on viscoelastic polymer jets. Journal of Applied Physics. 108 (3), 034913.

Yarin, A.L., Sinha-Ray, S., and Pourdeyhimi, B. 2011. Meltblowing: Multiple polymer jets and fiber-size distribution and lay-down patterns. Polymer. 52 (13), 2929–2938.

Milligan, M.W. and Haynes, B.D. 1987. Air drag on monofilament fibers - melt blowing application. in: ASME, pp. 47–50.

Xie, S. and Zeng, Y. 2012. Turbulent air flow field and fiber whipping motion in the melt blowing process: Experimental study. 51 (14), 5346–5352.

Xie, S. and Zeng, Y. 2013. Online measurement of fiber whipping in the melt-blowing process. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 52 (5), 2116–2122.

Xin, S. and Wang, X. 2012. Shear flow of molten polymer in melt blowing. Polymer Engineering & Science. 52 (6), 1325–1331.

Xin, S. and Wang, X. 2012. Mechanism of fiber formation in melt blowing. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 51 (32), 10621–10628.

Choi, H.M. and Moreau, J.P. 1993. Oil sorption behavior of various sorbents studied by sorption capacity measurement and environmental scanning electron microscopy. Microscopy Research and Technique. 25 (5–6), 447–55.

Deschamps, G., Caruel, H., Borredon, M.-E., Bonnin, C., and Vignoles, C. 2003. Oil Removal from Water by Selective Sorption on Hydrophobic Cotton Fibers. 1. Study of Sorption Properties and Comparison with Other Cotton Fiber-Based Sorbents. Environmental Science & Technology. 37 (5), 1013–1015.

Radetic, M., Ilic, V., Radojevic, D., Miladinovic, R., Jocic, D., and Jovancic, P. 2008. Efficiency of recycled wool-based nonwoven material for the removal of oils from water. Chemosphere. 70 (3), 525–30.

Dutton, K.C. 2008. Overview and analysis of the meltblown process and parameters. Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management. 6 (1), 25.

Podgórski, A., Bałazy, A., and Gradoń, L. 2006. Application of nanofibers to improve the filtration efficiency of the most penetrating aerosol particles in fibrous filters. Chemical Engineering Science. 61 (20), 6804–6815.

Nayak, R., Padhye, R., Kyratzis, I.L., Truong, Y.B., and Arnold, L. 2011. Recent advances in nanofibre fabrication techniques. Textile Research Journal. 82 (2), 129–147.

Zhu, H., Qiu, S., Jiang, W., Wu, D., and Zhang, C. 2011. Evaluation of electrospun polyvinyl chloride/polystyrene fibers as sorbent materials for oil spill cleanup. Environmental Science & Technology. 45 (10), 4527–31.

Kandagor, V., Prather, D., Fogle, J., Bhave, R., and Bhat, G. 2017. Journal of Textile Science & Engineering Processing, Structure and Properties of Melt Blown Polyetherimide. J. Textile Sci. Eng. 7 (2), 298.

de Rovere, A., Shambaugh, R.L., and O’Rear, E.. 2000. Investigation of Gravity-Spun, Melt-Spun, and Melt-Blown Polypropylene Fibers Using Atomic Force Microscopy. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 77 (9), 1921–1937.

Lin, J., Ding, B., Yang, J., Yu, J., and Sun, G. 2012. Subtle regulation of the micro- and nanostructures of electrospun polystyrene fibers and their application in oil absorption. Nanoscale. 4 (1), 176–82.

Guo, M., Zhang, C., Xu, J., Luo, Z., and Wei, W. 2016. An efficient, simple and facile strategy to synthesize Polypropylene-g-(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide) nonwovens by suspension grafting polymerization and melt-blown technique. Fibers and Polymers. 17 (8), 1123–1130.

Meng, X., Wu, H., and Zeng, Y. 2014. Blended Polypropylene Fiber of Various MFR via A Melt-Blowing Device for Oil Spill Cleanup. Advanced Development in Automation, Materials and Manufacturing. 624 669–672.

Feng, J. 2017. Preparation and properties of poly(lactic acid) fiber melt blown non-woven disordered mats. Materials Letters. 189 180–183.

Liu, Y., Cheng, B., Wang, N., Kang, W., Zhang Weili, Keqi, X., et al. 2012. Development and Performance Study of Polypropylene/ Polyester Bicomponent Melt-Blowns for Filtration. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 124 296–301.

Bhat, G., Narayanan, V., Wadsworth, L., and Dever, M. 1999. Conversion of Recycled Polymers/Fibers Into Melt-Blown Nonwovens. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 38 (3), 499–511.

Wu, J., Wang, N., Wang, L., Dong, H., Zhao, Y., and Jiang, L. 2012. Electrospun porous structure fibrous film with high oil adsorption capacity. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 4 (6), 3207–12.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2020 Plemillan Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.