Zykamilia Kamin, Rosalam Sarbatly, Duduku Krishnaiah, Akihiko Tanioka, Mitsuhiro Takahashi


The development of oil and gas industries has resulted in environmental issues, such as oil pollution. Oil pollution
in a marine environment, poses significant threats to not only coastal marine life, but also to the social economic
activities of community living in the nearby areas. The spreading of the oil could be controlled efficiently using
sorbents such as nanofiber, due to its high specific surface area, high porosity, small diameter, and small pore sizes
properties. Common approach to produce nanofiber is by using electrospinning technique however, this technique
has low productivity and requires a post treatment for solvent removal. However, a melt blowing technique is an
alternative to electrospinning as it is highly productive and does not require any solvent. The mass production of
nanofiber fulfils the demand of the material during an oil spill clean-up operation. Therefore, this review discusses
the influence of melt blowing process conditions such as die, polymer, air and collector, on the properties of
nanofiber targeted for oil-water separation for the application of oil spill clean-up.

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