NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF SOLAR TOWER SYSTEM UTILIZED WITH FLAT PLATE AND POROUS ABSORBER

Sarmad A. Abdul Hussein, Mohammed A. Nima

Abstract


The performance of solar updraft tower investigates numerically by comparing between two solar collectors with and without porous absorber flat plate. In this study, copper metal foam (10 and 40) PPI at the same porosity (0.9) are used as an absorber plate. The effect of the absorbing porous medium is studied to increase the air flow towards the updraft tower by tilting of the porous absorber at an angle (2° and 6°) from the horizontal line for (10 and 40) PPI and compared with the horizontal absorber flat plate. To simulate the physical quantities inside the porous medium, at steady state, symmetry, three dimensional, Darcy model and energy numerical model with local thermal equilibrium (LTE) assumption are adopted and numerical models is approximated by a RNG (Re-Normalization Group) k- ϵ turbulent model and discrete ordinates (DO) radiation model equations. The numerical study is analyzed by Fluent software package (version 18.2) to solve the governing equations. The results showed that the tilting of a porous absorber plate at an angle (2° and 6°) from the horizontal line lead to increase in the mass flow rate inside the solar updraft tower and the maximum performance is found by using 40 PPI at tilt angle 2°.The performance of solar updraft tower investigates numerically by comparing between two solar collectors with and without porous absorber flat plate. In this study, copper metal foam (10 and 40) PPI at the same porosity (0.9) are used as an absorber plate. The effect of the absorbing porous medium is studied to increase the air flow towards the updraft tower by tilting of the porous absorber at an angle (2° and 6°) from the horizontal line for (10 and 40) PPI and compared with the horizontal absorber flat plate. To simulate the physical quantities inside the porous medium, at steady state, symmetry, three dimensional, Darcy model and energy numerical model with local thermal equilibrium (LTE) assumption are adopted and numerical models is approximated by a RNG (Re-Normalization Group) k- ϵ turbulent model and discrete ordinates (DO) radiation model equations. The numerical study is analyzed by Fluent software package (version 18.2) to solve the governing equations. The results showed that the tilting of a porous absorber plate at an angle (2° and 6°) from the horizontal line lead to increase in the mass flow rate inside the solar updraft tower and the maximum performance is found by using 40 PPI at tilt angle 2°.

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