Dao Nam Cao


Low-temperature combustion (LTC) is a method which describes extremely low NOx and soot concentrations in an internal combustion engine. Absolutely, the element that mainly affects to mixture fuel-air premixed and combustion in PPCI engines is chemical kinetics. In PPCI combustion, the pressure, and temperature of the mixture inside the cylinder influence the duration of combustion. This study describes closed-loop combustion control in PPCI engines. Initially, control variables are necessary for this method. Secondly, it considers the combustion feedback sensors and control drives burn. The final section presents the PPCI closed-loop combustion control method.

Full Text:



Hoang, A.T., Pham, V.V. 2018. A study of emission characteristic, deposits, and lubrication oil degradation of a diesel engine running on preheated vegetable oil and diesel oil, Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., 41(5), 611-625.

Geng, P. 2017. Combustion characteristics and NOx emissions of a waste cooking oil biodiesel blend in a marine auxiliary diesel engine, Appl. Therm. Eng., 115, 947–954.

Hoang, A.T., Pham, V.V. 2019. Impact of Jatropha Oil on Engine Performance, Emission Characteristics, Deposit Formation, and Lubricating Oil Degradation, Combust. Sci. Technol., 191(3), 504-519.

Qian, Y., Sun, S., Ju, D., Shan, X., Lu, X. 2017. Review of the state-of-the-art of biogas combustion mechanisms and applications in internal combustion engines, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 69, 50–58.

Puškár, M., Kopas, M., Puškár, D., Lumnitzer, J., Faltinová, E. 2018. Method for reduction of the NOX emissions in marine auxiliary diesel engine using the fuel mixtures containing biodiesel using HCCI combustion, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 127, 752–760.

Deshmukh, A.Y. 2019. An Integral Combustion Model for Model-based Control of PCCI Engines, SAE Technical Paper.

Pham, V.V. 2018. Analyzing the effect of heated wall surfacetemperatures on combustion chamber deposit formation, J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., 41(4), 17–21.

Du, J., Chen, X., Liu, L., Liu, D., Ma, X. 2019. Mechanism of Combustion Noise Influenced by Pilot Injection in PPCI Diesel Engines, Appl. Sci., 9(9), 1875.

Hoang, A.T., Pham, V.V. 2018. A review on fuels used for marine diesel engines, J. Mech. Eng. Res. Dev., 41(4), 22–32.

Albin, T., Ritter, D., Zweigel, R., Abel, D. 2015. Hybrid multi-objective MPC for fuel-efficient PCCI engine control, in 2015 European Control Conference (ECC), 2583–2588.

Borgqvist, P., Tuner, M., Mello, A., Tunestal, P., Johansson, B. 2012. The usefulness of negative valve overlap for gasoline partially premixed combustion, PPC, SAE Technical Paper.

Mei, D., Yue, S., Zhao, X., Hielscher, K., Baar, R. 2017. Effects of center of heat release on combustion and emissions in a PCCI diesel enginefuelled by DMC-diesel blend, Appl. Therm. Eng., 114, 969–976.

Fathi, M., Jahanian, O., Ganji, D.D., Wang, S., Somers, B. 2017. Stand-alone single-and multi-zone modeling of direct injection homogeneous charge compression ignition (DI-HCCI) combustion engines, Appl. Therm. Eng., 125, 1181–1190.

Ferrari, A., Novara, C., Paolucci, E., Vento, O., Violante, M., Zhang, T. 2018. A new closed-loop control of the injected mass for a full exploitation of digital and continuous injection-rate shaping, Energy Convers. Manag., 177, 629–639.

Hoang, A.T. 2019. Experimental study on spray and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with preheated bio-oils and diesel fuel, Energy, 171, 795–808.

Calin, I., Vasile, S., Marian, C., Florin, M., Bogdan, J. 2018. Control of Injection Process Using Irate Injection Law on Single Cylinder Diesel Engine’s by Numerical Simulation, in International Congress of Automotive and Transport Engineering, 40–51.

Iliev, S. 2015. A comparison of ethanol and methanol blending with gasoline using a 1-D engine model, Procedia Eng., 100, 1013–1022.

Petranović, Z., Sjerić, M., Taritaš, I., Vujanović, M., Kozarac, D. 2017. A Computational Study on Efficiency Improvement of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine using Advanced Engine Operating Strategies, in 12th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems-SDEWES.

Chaichan, M.T. 2018. Combustion and emission characteristics of E85 and diesel blend in conventional diesel engine operating in PPCI mode, Therm. Sci. Eng. Prog., 7, 45–53.

Hoang, A.T., Le, A.T., Pham, V.V. 2019. A core correlation of spray characteristics, deposit formation, and combustion of a high-speed diesel engine fueled with Jatropha oil and diesel fuel, Fuel, 244, 159–175.

Maurya, R.K. 2018. Closed-Loop Combustion Control, in Characteristics and Control of Low Temperature Combustion Engines, Springer, 483–510.

Arora, J.K., Shahbakhti, M. 2017. Real-time closed-loop control of alight-duty RCCI engine during transient operations, SAE Technical Paper.

Guardiola, C., Pla, B., Bares, P., Barbier, A. 2019. Closed-loop control of a dual-fuel engine working with different combustion modes using in-cylinder pressure feedback, Int. J. Engine Res., 1468087419835327.

Yang, F., Yao, C., Wang, J., Ouyang, M. 2016. Load expansion of a dieseline compression ignition engine with multi-mode combustion, Fuel, 171, 5–17.

Lundgren, M. 2016. Optical study on combustion transition from HCCI to PPC with gasoline compression ignition in a HD engine, SAE Technical Paper.

Khatamnezhad, H., Khalilarya, S., Jafarmadar, S., Banapurmath, N., Mirsalim, M. 2016. Investigation of combustion and emissions of natural gas-diesel dual-fuel PPCI engine, J. Engine Res., 41(41), 13–19.

Maghbouli, A., Lucchini, T., D’Errico, G., Izadi Najafabadi, M., Somers, B.2017. Numerical investigation of PPCI combustion at low and high charge stratification levels, in SAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2017, 1–16.

Liu, L., Fei, H., Du, J. 2016. Analysis of pilot injection effects on combustion noise in PPCI diesel engines, in ASME 2016 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, V001T03A003-V001T03A003.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2020 Plemillan Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.